MODERN democratic states generally operate through three distinct branches ie the legislature, the judiciary and the executive, with distinct areas of work. In some democratic states, especially the ones practising the presidential form of government, such as the US, the separation of these three branches is strictly observed. In the parliamentary form of government, there is some overlap between the legislature and the executive because the prime minister and the cabinet ministers are elected members of parliament and, therefore, belong to both the legislature and the executive. In some other parliamentary democracies, such as in the UK, the judicial functions of parliament and the judiciary also overlap.
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