The Industrial Relations Act 2008 (IRA 2008), brought in on December 14, 2008, is due to expire on April 30, 2010. The Ministry of Labour and Manpower has reportedly, been working to replace the IRA 2008 with a proposed law, which in the draft form, is known as the Trade Unions and Industrial Relations 2010. However, after the promulgation of the 18th Constitutional Amendment on April 19, 2010, the 47-subject Concurrent List has been omitted from the Constitution of Pakistan, thereby transferring these subjects, including Welfare of labour; conditions of labour, provident funds; employers’ liability and workmen’s compensation, health insurance including invalidity pensions, old age pensions, Trade Unions, Industrial and Labour Disputes, The setting up and carrying on of labour exchanges, employment information bureaus and training establishments and Regulations of labour and safety in mines, factories and oil-fields to the Provinces. The interim law on Industrial Relations 2008has been broadly reviewed here in order to set the debate in motion on this subject. This Review has been authored by Mr. Sabur Ghayur, who worked on various key positions in public and private sector organizations and currently he is heading Islamabad-based Centre for Labour Advocacy and Dialogue (CLAD).