The state of Civil-Military relations in Pakistan continue to be the biggest stumbling block to consolidation of democracy in Pakistan. In 2018, Pakistan has been ruled directly by Military for over 30 out of 71 years while not a single elected Prime Minister of Pakistan has so far been able to complete the Constitutional tenure of 5 years in office. Other than 4 direct interventions by the military since Pakistan’s independence in 1947, successive military commanders have exercised de-facto authority on crucial aspects of national security management including regional and international affairs. As a result, state of civil-military relations in Pakistan is the single most important factor upon which the quality of democracy in Pakistan depends.
2018 is also the election year as National Assembly of Pakistan and with that the elected Government has completed constitutional term of 5 years and Pakistan undergoes its 11th General Election.
This analysis looks at how do Pakistan’s leading political parties plan and pledge to establish constitutional equation of civil-military relations for consolidating democracy and rule of law in Pakistan. This analysis looks at the 2018 Electoral Manifestoes of 3 Political Parties including Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N), Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) and Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) and compares those between the parties and with their previous manifestoes.