Pakistan’s current level of educational achievement is poor. Pakistani society continues to reflect considerable social and financial disparities, which affect the educational opportunities and potentials of a significant section of the population. The marked disparities between provinces, urban and rural education and the opportunities available to boys and girls continue to hamper the life choices of individuals and Pakistan’s economic potential as a nation. If Pakistan is to properly serve its citizens and to be equipped to operate in the global economy, significant reform and improvement is required. The National Education Policy 2009 sets, for Pakistan, ambitious objectives and targets at all levels of education. The realisation of these targets will be dependent upon the delivery of financial commitments at federal level and effective implementation at provincial level.