Monitor on Implementation of National Action Plan to Counter Terrorism

Volume 1: January 2015 – December 2016

Share:

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Executive Summary

The 20-point National Action Plan to Counter Terrorism adopted by an All Parties Conference chaired by the Prime Minister of Pakistan on January 2, 2015 serves as the landmark consensus blue print for combatting terrorism and violent extremism in Pakistan. The 20-point NAP has been described, both by the civil and military leadership, as the most important road map for the struggle against terrorism in the country. The NAP is also significant because it has the rare consensus of otherwise bitterly opposed political forces besides the civil-military agreement. Both Civil and Military leaderships have repeatedly expressed their strong commitment to implement the plan in letter and spirit.

Despite this assigned centrality to its importance, Federal and Provincial Governments have not regularly made available a progress status on the implementation of the NAP. While the NAP provides a broad framework of action in its 20 points, a relative opaqueness seems to engulf the process of monitoring mechanism on its individual points. While at the Federal level, the National Counter Terrorism Authority (NACTA) has been assigned with the responsibility to track progress, lately the Prime Minister also constituted an Implementation and Review Committee, on August 15, 2016 under the convenorship of Lt. Gen (Retired) Nasser Khan Janjua, National Security Advisor. In addition, apex committees were constituted both at the Federal level and in the four Provinces to act as the forums for civil-military coordination and to oversee the implementation progress of the NAP. Despite these mechanisms in place, status of implementation of the NAP across Pakistan’s Federal and Provincial Governments remains unclear. Perhaps, it is due to this vagueness that the pace and progress of implementation has also been a subject of some divergent views among various stakeholders including communication emerging from the Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR) alluding to the continuing dissatisfaction of the military leadership with the progress of implementation of the NAP.

It is in view of the high importance of the NAP and questions about its progress of implementation that PILDAT has undertaken a citizens’ initiative to monitor the progress of implementation of the NAP Pakistan. PILDAT has sought the data on implementation status from Federal and Provincial Governments. This Monitor depicts implementation status of NAP with a focus on Punjab while developments across the country are also noted. Where focusing on Punjab, this Monitor is largely based on data obtained from the Provincial Government of the Punjab. By undertaking the monitoring of the progress on implementation of the NAP and its public dissemination, PILDAT initiative aims to serve the purpose of advocacy for effective implementation.

This Monitor, the first of its kind, assesses the status of implementation of NAP in Punjab from the citizens’ perspective so as to highlight the necessity of Government’s publicly sharing periodic status of implementation of the NAP. We strongly believe that greater transparency and more frequent public reporting on the progress of implementation will promote public confidence in the Governments and their ability to effectively implement the NAP. We do, however, concede that there may be areas of the NAP implementation which may need to be kept confidential due to security reasons.

The implementation status of NAP in Punjab for January 2015 – December 2016 is shown in the table below using the traffic light system:

No.

Point

Implementation Status as of December 2016

1

Implementation of death sentences of those convicted of terrorism

 

Circle Sign Green.jpg

2

Special courts under the supervision of Army. The duration of these courts would be two years

 

Circle Sign Green.jpg

3

Militant outfits and armed gangs will not be allowed to operate in the country

 

Circle Sign Green.jpg

4

NACTA, the anti-terrorism institution, will be strengthened

 

Circle Sign Green.jpg

5

Strict action against the literature, newspapers, and magazines promoting hatred, extremism, sectarianism, and intolerance

 

Circle Sign Green.jpg

6

Choking financing for terrorist and terrorist organizations

 

Circle Sign Green.jpg

7

Ensuring against re-emergence of proscribed organizations

 

Circle Sign Green.jpg

8

Establishing and deploying a dedicated counter terrorism force

 

Circle Sign Green.jpg

9

Taking effective action against religious persecution

 

Circle Sign Green.jpg

10

Registration and regulation of religious seminaries

 

Circle Sign Green.jpg

11

Ban on glorification of terrorist and terrorist organizations through print and electronic media

 

Circle Sign Green.jpg

12

Administrative and development reforms in FATA with immediate focus on repatriation of IDPs

 

Circle Sign Green.jpg

13

Communication network of terrorists will be dismantled completely

 

Circle Sign Green.jpg

14

Measures against abuse of social media for terrorism

 

Circle Sign Green.jpg

15

Zero-tolerance for militancy in Punjab

 

Circle Sign Green.jpg

16

Ongoing operation in Karachi will be taken to its logical end

 

Circle Sign Green.jpg

17

Balochistan Government to be fully empowered for political reconciliation with complete ownership by all stakeholders

 

Circle Sign Green.jpg

18

Dealing firmly with sectarian terrorists

 

Circle Sign Green.jpg

19

Formulation of a comprehensive policy to deal with the issue of Afghan refugees, beginning with registration of all refugees

 

Circle Sign Green.jpg

20

Revamping of the Criminal Justice System

 

Circle Sign Green.jpg

 

Key

1

Circle Sign Green.jpg

Green : The implementation process has worked well. Some improvements are needed. (Progress good)

 

2

Circle Sign Green.jpg

Green-Amber : The implementation process has worked relatively well. Improvements should be made. (Progress satisfactory)

 

3

Circle Sign Green.jpg

Amber-Red : The implementation process has been relatively poor. Significant improvements should be made. (Progress somewhat unsatisfactory)

 

4

Circle Sign Green.jpg

Red : The implementation process has been poor overall. Immediate and major changes need to be mad

References :


[1] ‘Nawaz removes moratorium on death penalty’ published in Dawn can be accessed at:
https://www.dawn.com/news/1151408

[2] ‘Death penalty moratorium lifted completely in Pakistan: Officials’ published in Dawn can be accessed at: 
https://www.dawn.com/news/1168652

[3] Data obtained from Counter Terrorism Department (CTD), Punjab

[4] ‘The sun has set on Pakistan’s military courts – here is why it should never rise again’ published in Dawn can be accessed at:
https://www.dawn.com/news/1306792

[5] ibid.

[6] Data obtained from CTD Punjab

[7] Full text of the law can be accessed at:
http://www.punjablaws.gov.pk/index2.html

[8] ibid.

[9] ‘Ordinance promulgated to set up Punjab Safe Cities Authority’ published in Dawn can be accessed at:
https://www.dawn.com/news/1193062

[10] Full text of the law can be accessed at:
http://www.punjabcode.punjab.gov.pk/public/dr/PUNJAB%20ARMS%20
(AMENDMENT)%20ACT%202015%20.doc.pdf

[11] Full text of the law can be accessed at:
http://www.punjabcode.punjab.gov.pk/index/showarticle/ref/8ef5062f-43
47-433e-89db-573f0fa5133c

[12] ‘Punjab Govt slaps ban on proscribed organizations to collect sacrificial animal hides’ published in The Nation on August 30, 2016 can be accessed at:
http://nation.com.pk/national/30-Aug-2016/punjab-govt-slaps-ban-on-
proscribed-outfits-to-collect-sacrificial-animals-hides

[13] Data obtained from CTD Punjab

[14] ‘Banned outfits still recruiting Jihadis: official report’ published on Geo News on May 28, 2016. The News Report can be accessed at:
https://www.geo.tv/latest/106807-Banned-outfits-still-recruiting-Jihadis-official-report

[15] The complete composition of NACTA Board of Governors can be found in the NACTA Act 2013, which can be accessed at:
http://www.na.gov.pk/uploads/documents/1364795170_139.pdf

[16] ibid.

[17] ibid.

[18] ‘Nacta made fully operational, says Nisar’ published in Dawn can be accessed at:
https://www.dawn.com/news/1154250

[19] ‘No authority to counter terrorism’ published in TNS can be accessed at:
http://tns.thenews.com.pk/authority-counter-terrorism/#.WNSnMWUQhxi

[20] The announcement took place on a session of the Senate on December 22nd, 2016. The News Report can be accessed at:
https://www.dawn.com/news/1303995

[21] Data obtained from CTD Punjab

[22] According to data obtained from FIA, Lahore by PILDAT, out of the 138 accounts of Madrassas that FIA, Lahore received from CTD Punjab and conducted its analysis on:

      i.         Number of accounts in which no record found: 72

     ii.         Number of accounts in which closing balance is less than Rs. 1,000: 23

   iii.         Number accounts in which closing balance is between Rs. 1,000 and Rs. 1,00,000: 32

    iv.         Number of accounts in which closing balance is between in Rs. 1,00,000 and Rs. 5,00,000: 07

     v.         Number of accounts in which closing balance is above than Rs. 5,00,000: 04

[23] Data obtained from FIA, Lahore

[24] Full text of the ATA 1997 can be accessed at:
http://pakistancode.gov.pk/english/UY2FqaJw1-apaUY2Fqa-
apaUY2FqaJw%3D-sg-jjjjjjjjjjjjj

[25] Full list of proscribed organizations can be accessed at:
http://nacta.gov.pk/Downloads/BannedOrganization(Eng).pdf

Some of the following organizations are old faces of new organisations as per CTD Punjab data:

New Name

Old Proscribed

Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat (ASWJ) (proscribed) and Al Esaar Trust

Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan (SSP)

Majlis-i-Wahdatul Muslimeen (MWM)/Shia Ulema Council

Tehreek-e-Jaafria Pakistan (TJP) and Islami Tehreek Pakistan

Saut ul Ummah

Hizbut Tahrir

Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD) and Filah-i-Insaniat Foundation (FiF)

Lashkar-i-Taiba

Al-Rehmat Trust

Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM)

Tehreek Ghalba-i-Islam and Al-Asrar Trust

Jamaat-ul-Furqan and Jaish-e-Mohammad

Ansarul Ummah

Jamiat ul Ansar, Harkat ul Mujahideen, Harkat-ul-Jihad al-Islami (HuJI)

[26] ‘1500 corporals get in Anti-Terrorism Force’ published in The Nation can be accessed at:
http://nation.com.pk/lahore/01-Apr-2014/1-500-corporals-get-in-anti-terrorism-force

[27] Data obtained from CTD Punjab

[28] The attack took place in Lahore on March 15, 2015. Details can be found in the News Report,  ’14 dead, 75 injured in attack on Lahore’s Christian community’ published in The Express Tribune, which can be accessed at:
https://tribune.com.pk/story/853616/blast-heard-in-lahore-2/

[29] The two incidents took place in Jhelum on November 21, 2015 and November 21, 2015. Details can be found in the News Report, ‘Ahmedi place of worship set ablaze in Jhelum, riots erupt after blasphemy allegations’ published in Dawn, which can be accessed at:
https://www.dawn.com/news/1221273

[30] The attack took place on March 27, 2016. Details can be found in the News Report, ‘At least 72 killed in suicide blast as terror revisits Lahore’ published in Dawn, which can be accessed at:
https://www.dawn.com/news/1248259

[31] Full text of the law can be accessed at:
http://www.punjabcode.punjab.gov.pk/index/showarticle/
ref/6c537be7-86ae-481f-927a-bf1537bd6544

[32] Full text of the law can be accessed at:
http://www.punjabcode.punjab.gov.pk/index/
showarticle/ref/8ef5062f-4347-433e-89db-573f0fa5133c

[33] Data obtained by CTD Punjab.

[34] Full text of the Punjab Curriculum and Textbook Board Act 2015 can be accessed at:
http://www.punjabcode.punjab.gov.pk/index/showarticle/ref/
ec39ceb8-50fa-40bf-baa5-910198f2db0a

[35] Full text of the Punjab Societies Registration Act 1860 can be accessed at:
http://punjablaws.gov.pk/laws/1.html

[36] ‘Pemra monitoring TV coverage of banned groups’ published in Dawn can be accessed at:
https://www.dawn.com/news/1218289

[37] ’10-year timeline to bring Fata on a par with KP’ published in Dawn can be accessed at:
https://www.dawn.com/news/1279845

[38] The data shared in the Senate on March 10, 2017 by Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan during the Question-Answer session can be accessed at:
http://www.senate.gov.pk/uploads/documents/questions/
1489117899_531.pdf

[39] Full text of the law can be accessed at:
http://www.na.gov.pk/uploads/documents/1472635250_246.pdf

[40] According to data obtained from CTD Punjab.

[41] Data on from January 2015 – December 2016 is not available with PILDAT. Hence, the data shared here was presented in the Senate on March 10, 2017 by Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan during the Question-Answer session and can be accessed at:
http://www.senate.gov.pk/uploads/documents/questions/
1489117899_531.pdf

[42] ‘Balochistan Reconciliation: 625 insurgents surrendered in six months’ published in The Express Tribune can be accessed at:
https://tribune.com.pk/story/1042338/balochistan-reconciliation-625-
insurgents-surrendered-in-six-months/

[43] Some of these reports can be accessed at;

i.               https://tribune.com.pk/story/1042338/balochistan-reconciliation-625-insurgents-surrendered-in-six-months/

ii.              https://tribune.com.pk/story/938017/balochistan-insurgency-400-militants-surrender-on-independence-day/

iii.            https://tribune.com.pk/story/903261/insurgency-in-balochistan-49-militants-surrender/

[44] Data obtained from CTD Punjab.

[45] ‘Candidate backed by banned party wins by-poll’ published in Dawn can be accessed at:
https://www.dawn.com/news/1299959

[46] According to data obtained by CTD Punjab, the main areas of concentration of Afghan refugees are: Mianwali (21,661), Attock (17,390), Rawalpindi (23,843), Gujrat (9,921), Chakwal (16,645), Sargodha (799) and Lahore (506)

[47] Amendments can be viewed in the The Punjab Prohibition of Expressing Matters on Walls Act, 1995 at:
http://punjablaws.gov.pk/laws/393.html

[48] Full text of Punjab Special Protection Unit Act 2016 can be accessed at:
http://punjablaws.gov.pk/laws/2620.html

[49] Full text of The Punjab Civilian Victims of Terrorism (Relief and Rehabilitation) Act 2016 can be accessed at:
http://www.punjabcode.punjab.gov.pk/index/showarticle/ref/
e58e0073-6c89-4c84-b593-c994f00127b2

[50] ’15 committees tasked with executio


Share:




Newsletter Signup :