The Citizens Report on the Performance of the Senate Standing Committee on Defence and Defence Production has been prepared by PILDAT. The report covers the period from March 16, 2011 to March 15, 2012 and is a continuation of the analysis of performance prepared by PILDAT for the past 3 years titled Performance of the Parliamentary Committees of Defence and National Security: March 15, 2008 – March 15, 2011 (May 2011). The report draws upon the publicly-available data on the work of the Senate Standing Committee on Defence. The objective behind the report is to analyse the performance of the Committee in the backdrop of peculiar security needs of Pakistan and the role Parliament is playing in respect to defining and influencing policy and principles of national security. PILDAT is mindful of the fact that the democratic institutions like the Parliament and Parliamentary committees have not developed over the years due to repeated military intervention and long spells of autocratic or semi-autocratic regimes led by military. The report therefore is meant to assist the committee in its oversight functions. Furthermore, in the backdrop of specific civil-military equation in Pakistan, the purpose of the report is to examine the exercise of available powers of the Parliament with regards to Parliamentary oversight of defence and security sector in the light of the Constitution of Pakistan and assisting Parliament and its committees in undertaking well-researched, objective and non-partisan oversight of defence and security sector alongside other fields in the executive branch.