The Background paper Sectarian Conflict in Gilgit-Baltistan, authored by Mr. Muhammad Feyyaz is an attempt to apprise audiences regarding the contours of the sectarian conflict in the strategically important region of Gilgit-Baltistan. In this peer reviewed paper, the author has tried to contextualize the conflict mentioning different variables that affect it and reasons why attempts to establish peace have failed. The paper has been prepared to serve as a background for a conflict resolution simulation exercise for the benefit of members of the Gilgit-Baltistan Legislative Assembly. The paper highlights the relatively peaceful history of relations between the Shia, Sunni, Ismaili, & Noorbukhshi sects which inhabit the region. The paper focuses on the Iranian revolution and Afghan Jihad which led to hardening of sectarian identities in Pakistan, particularly in Gilgit-Baltistan due to its strategic importance.