The Briefing Paper on the Need of Federal Mandate on Industrial Relation Laws has been authored by Mr. Babar Sattar in the backdrop of the expected expiration of Industrial Relations Ordinance 2011. After the 18th Constitution Amendment all Labour related subjects fell in the domain of provinces and the Federal Government lost the right to legislate over Labour issues. This has resulted in a debate on the need for Federal Legislation to regulate Industrial Relations laws especially relating to trans-provincial issues such as the future of Industrial Relations Commission and labour unions / federations operating in more than one province and labour unions of the employees working with a federal institution. On July 18, 2011, the President of Pakistan promulgated the Industrial Relations Ordinance-IRO 2011. As with all Ordinances, the IRO2011 was set to expire after 120 days on November 17, 2011. It was however given a one-time extension through a resolution of the National Assembly as a result of the protest staged by labour workers. The Briefing paper has been specially commissioned to assist the stakeholders in finding legal and Constitutional solutions of the issue.