The background paper on “Conflict Transformation: Dynamics, Skills and Strategies” has been written as a part of PILDAT’s programme of Orientation of Members of National Assembly and Provincial Assemblies on Conflict. PILDAT has completed a round of Skills-Building Workshops on Conflict Management: The Negotiation Strategies and Conflict Management: the Mediation Process with the Parliament of Pakistan, Provincial Assemblies of Punjab and Sindh and Legislative Assemblies of Azad Jammu & Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan. This background has been prepared for the second round of the Skills-Building Workshops under the theme of Conflict Transformation. The basic objective of the PILDAT programme is to enhance the conflict resolution capabilities of legislators so that they are better equipped to play their role as mediators in various conflicts in the society. It is envisaged that by building the conflict-resolution capabilities of elected legislators at all levels, our efforts should contribute positively towards Pakistani legislators’ long-term ability to respond and diffuse conflict at all levels. The background paper has been commissioned by Dr. Syed Rifaat Hussain, Chairman, Defence and Strategic Studies Department at the Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad.