The structure of Pakistan’s Higher Defence Organisation (HDO) was revamped in 1976. It has not been reviewed since. Experts believe that the existing structure of higher defence organisation needs urgent review and revamp – a need which is highlighted acutely in the aftermath of incidents such as the Abbottabad operation and attacks on PNS Mehran and Salalah border post, etc. Our neighbouring India reviewed and re-organised this structure immediately after the Kargil debacle and has instituted a National Task Force to bring its HDO in line with its projected strategic ambitions. This paper Restructuring Higher Defence Organisation of Pakistan has been authored by Gen. (Retd) Ehsan ul Haq, Former Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee, Pakistan, for PILDAT. Gen. (Retd) Ehsan ul Haq has analyzed Pakistan’s Higher Defence Organisation (HDO) structure in comparison with other countries of the World and proposed changes in the current structure. The objective of the paper is to generate fact-based debate and well-structured policy revisions on the subject. The paper is part of PILDAT’s work on Democratic Civil-Military Relations in Pakistan.