India and Pakistan share similar Parliamentary systems and a political history, although the two countries have had diverse experiences of civil-military relations. What have been the experiences of India, especially Parliamentary experiences, of democratic control and oversight of the defence sector? PILDAT has commissioned a series of papers on the issue to provide a comparative perspective on democratic and parliamentary experiences of India in the field of defence oversight. The paper on Parliamentary Oversight of the Defence Sector in India, part of the series of PILDAT, provides a detailed overview of the system and practice of oversight employed by Parliamentary Committees in India. The paper is authored by Mr. S. Samuel C. Rajiv, a Researcher at the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA), New Delhi. The advice and guidance of Director General IDSA, Mr. N. S. Sisodia, in the preparation of this paper is also gratefully acknowledged. PILDAT wishes to acknowledge the support provided by the United States Institute of Peace towards PILDAT’s larger programme of “Research and Dialogue on Civil-Military Relations for Conflict Prevention in Pakistan.” The paper has been prepared under this project.