Parliamentary Control and Oversight of the Defence Sector, though an accepted democratic principle in the world, has not been able to take firm root due to peculiar civil-military relations in Pakistan. What are its prospects today in the framework of a sustainable democracy in Pakistan? Mr. Sartaj Aziz’s perspective under the prevailing scenario is contained in this paper. Mr. Sartaj Aziz was Pakistan’s Finance and Foreign Minister in the 1990s. Currently, he is Vice Chancellor of the Beaconhouse National University, Lahore. This paper draws extensively on chapters 2 and 14 of his memoirs Between Dreams and Realities: Some Milestones in Pakistan’s History, published by the Oxford University Press in 2009.