Pakistan mein Civil-Military taluqaat ki soorat-e-haal: Paanch saalah mutalah 2013-2018


This is Urdu version of “State of Civil-Military Relations in Pakistan: A Study of 5 Years: 2013-2018”.

Following our belief that a constitutional equation in Pakistan’s civil-military relations is fundamental to consolidation of democratic governance in Pakistan, PILDAT has been monitoring civil-military relations in Pakistan and working towards a Constitutional and democratic oversight of defence and national security since 2004.

Pakistan witnessed its first civilian transfer of power, under a democratically-elected President, through the General Election 2013. This report analyses the state of civil-military relations in Pakistan during the 5-year tenure of elected Government from 2013-2018 through focussing on major developments that have impacted civil-military relations.

PILDAT team has used publicly available data and published sources in putting together this report. Any omission or error, therefore, is not deliberate.