The year 2007 is termed as crucial for the future of democracy in Pakistan. Election to the top office of the President of Pakistan and the General Election for the National Assembly and four Provincial Assemblies are scheduled during the year or early 2008. Given Pakistan’s history of elections that are generally perceived to be rigged or flawed, serious concerns are being expressed about the fairness of the coming elections. Many consider that coming elections are critical for the future of the country. Failure to hold free, fair and credible elections may lead to political instability and conflict in the country. While traditionally Pakistan welcomes international election observation teams, these observer missions arrive in Pakistan near the day of election and their reports comment on the electoral processes that have already taken place. PILDAT felt that there was a need for indigenous monitoring of the electoral process in Pakistan as early as a year before the next general election is expected to be held to ensure active monitoring of electoral processes leading up to Presidential and General Elections in 2007/08.