The National Reconciliation Ordinance (NRO) was issued, amidst a lot of public hostility against its perceived and reported content, on October 5, 2007. This background paper has been prepared especially for the benefit of the members of the Citizens Group on Electoral Process (CGEP) and the public to provide detailed background and analysis of the National Reconciliation Ordinance 2007 in order to promote an informed debate in the public domain on whether or not political parties
and the executive are justified in condoning the alleged excesses and financial embezzlements by political leaders, former current Members of Parliament and other individuals. Since the timing of the NRO coincided with the Presidential Election and the coming General Election, the paper especially examines its impact on the Election. The NRO is believed to be promulgated as a part of a broader understanding between Gen. Musharraf and the PPP which included that the PPP will assume a certain posture and position during the Presidential and the General Election. The Analysis and Impact of the NRO is especially assessed in the paper on the General Election. Authored by Mr. Shahid Hamid, Senior Constitutional Lawyer, former Governor Punjab and former Minister of Defence, the paper examines in detail various clauses and legal aspects of the issuance and applicability of the NRO.