One of the subjects which is currently being debated among politicians and political analysts is that of a neutral care-taker government during the forthcoming General Election. The model of a neutral caretaker government adopted by Bangladesh through 13th Constitutional Amendment has also been mentioned by some as a possible course for Pakistan. Although Constitution of Pakistan has provided for a caretaker government through the 17th amendment, very few people seem to be aware of the specifics. This Background Paper has been prepared by PILDAT research team as a modest contribution towards making the current electoral discourse more informed and based on facts. PILDAT would like to acknowledge the support of the UK Government’s Global Opportunities Fund and the British High Commission Islamabad in producing this paper.